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Entries with the swift tag

Pull request Cache nib registrations to improve performance on composed-swift/Composed


@bill201207 found that UINib(nibName:bundle:) is a big part of the poor performance when our app launches.

Ultimately batching updates will help with a lot of things like this, but really that'll just be masking some of the performance issues so it's useful to find issues like this now.

Mapping Optional Binding to Bool


When displaying an alert in SwiftUI, if the value used to calculate whether the alert is presented is both Optional and does not conform to Identifiable1 it is often recommended to use a separate flag, similar to:

struct ContentView: View {
    @State private var alertText: String?
    @State private var isPresentingAlert = false

    var body: some View {
        Button("Show Alert") {
            self.alertText = "Alert Text"
            self.isPresentingAlert = true
        }
        .alert(isPresented: $isPresentingAlert) {
            Alert(title: Text(alertText!))
        }
    }
}

There are 2 main downsides to this:

  1. alertText is not set back to nil, which may cause bugs and will increase memory usage (even if only a little in this case)
  2. The isPresentingAlert flag needs to be managed

To work around these issues I create a small extension to Binding the allows this same code to be updated to:

struct ContentView: View {
    @State private var alertText: String?

    var body: some View {
        Button("Show Alert") {
            self.alertText = "Alert Text"
        }
        .alert(isPresented: $alertText.mappedToBool()) {
            Alert(title: Text(alertText!))
        }
    }
}

The extension is fairly small and simple:

import os.log
import SwiftUI

extension Binding where Value == Bool {
    /// Creates a binding by mapping an optional value to a `Bool` that is
    /// `true` when the value is non-`nil` and `false` when the value is `nil`.
    ///
    /// When the value of the produced binding is set to `false` the value
    /// of `bindingToOptional`'s `wrappedValue` is set to `nil`.
    ///
    /// Setting the value of the produce binding to `true` does nothing and
    /// will log an error.
    ///
    /// - parameter bindingToOptional: A `Binding` to an optional value, used to calculate the `wrappedValue`.
    public init<Wrapped>(mappedTo bindingToOptional: Binding<Wrapped?>) {
        self.init(
            get: { bindingToOptional.wrappedValue != nil },
            set: { newValue in
                if !newValue {
                    bindingToOptional.wrappedValue = nil
                } else {
                    os_log(
                        .error,
                        "Optional binding mapped to optional has been set to `true`, which will have no effect. Current value: %@",
                        String(describing: bindingToOptional.wrappedValue)
                    )
                }
            }
        )
    }
}

extension Binding {
    /// Returns a binding by mapping this binding's value to a `Bool` that is
    /// `true` when the value is non-`nil` and `false` when the value is `nil`.
    ///
    /// When the value of the produced binding is set to `false` this binding's value
    /// is set to `nil`.
    public func mappedToBool<Wrapped>() -> Binding<Bool> where Value == Wrapped? {
        return Binding<Bool>(mappedTo: self)
    }
}

The extension isn't tied directly to showing an alert or a sheet and can be used in any context, but this is one of the better examples of its usage.

This extension is available on GitHub under the MIT license.

1 If it does conform to Identifiable use alert(item:content:)

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Pull request Merge ComposedLayout and ComposedUI packages on composed-swift/Composed


This adds the ComposedLayout and ComposedUI packages, which will close #16.

The base for this is 2.0-beta, which we can use for testing new changes, which can also break API.

If you go to the repo settings you can (temporarily) set the default branch to 2.0-beta and we can add a note to the README stating this is the beta release and the stable release is available in the master branch.

Once merged and these changes are made the READMEs for ComposedLayout and ComposedUI repos can be updated to point to this repo and their repos archived.

Pull request Add `FlatSection` on composed-swift/Composed


This is a new type of section that is similar to ComposedSectionProvider, but rather than flattening each of the children in to a single SectionProvider it flattens them in to a single Section.

The ComposedUI side of this has been updated to support multiple cells per section, with a convenience for FlatSection that delegates the calls to each of the flattened sections.

This is a breaking change since the protocol requirements have changed. I have set the base of the PR to merge-all-libraries since that's also a breaking change and this PR relies on those changes.

edit: We've moved to our own fork to allow for more rapid development. The latest changes are in https://github.com/opennetltd/Composed/tree/feature/FlatSection, which will eventually be merged back in to this repo once some of the other PRs/issues have been resolved.

Pull request Use default Xcode version on composed-swift/Composed


In my open source frameworks I usually use the last major Xcode (currently 11.7), latest (currently 12.3) and latest beta (soon to be 12.4), but this project has only been setup for the latest version of Xcode.

If we feel it's good to run the tests across multiple Xcode versions I have created https://github.com/JosephDuffy/update-xcode-version-action, which we can use to keep the versions in-sync with the versions available as part of GitHub actions.

For now I've removed all use a explicit Xcode versions.

Pull request Fix crash switching segmented provider's segment on composed-swift/Composed


Regression introduce in 1.1.1.

Would occur when a segmented provider was the last child of a composed provider and the selected segment changed.

This could have also been fixed in SegmentedSectionProvider but changing the _currentIndex after the delegate has been notified (which is closer to what ComposedSectionProvider does) but we have nothing in the API contract stating this must be done, so really it's an issue with the caching in ComposedSectionProvider.

Pull request Cache `sections` and `numberOfSection` on composed-swift/Composed


These properties are accessed quite frequently and can be cached with a little extra processing.

This is another finding from screens that have a large number of composed sections.

This and https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/pull/15 seem to be the main areas of performance issues, although that doesn't mean that once these are working and merged we won't uncover more 😅

Thanks to @bill201207 for their contributions to this change.

Pull request Add collection view batch updates on composed-swift/ComposedUI


The idea of this is that without breaking the API the collection view will batch updates.

Inserting a large number of sections is the main area of performance loss we are currently encountering, because the sections are inserted individually and not batched. This change alone has reduce the initial load time of one our screens (which has 100-150 sections added at once) from 30-45 seconds down to less than a second (at least it is not noticeable).

I had created https://github.com/composed-swift/Composed/pull/17 to try and address this, which has the advantage that it would apply to other view types (e.g. UITableView), but I believe does not offer the same performance improvements and it is restricted to a single ComposedSectionProvider.

This is a draft to collect feedback; as you can see there are some TODOs but I think there's enough implemented to provide an overview of the changes that would be required to implement this.

This does not currently work; there are situations that cause the collection NSInternalInconsistencyException', reason: 'Invalid update error. I have some failing tests that demonstrate what the result should be.

Pull request Add `performBatchUpdates(_:)` function on composed-swift/Composed


When adding a lot of sections (we have a screen which inserts 100~175 on initial load) the performance is quite poor.

Along with the improve-composed-section-provider-performance branch (which I want to fully validate before making a PR) performing these changes in batch helps a lot.

Pull request Potential fix for invalidation crashes on composed-swift/ComposedUI


As mentioned in https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/issues/13 and https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/issues/8 there are some scenarios where the collection view’s data is out-of-sync with the data in composed.

As mentioned in https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/issues/13 calling layoutIfNeeded can trigger the data to be in sync again. In this I have added it to mappingWillBeginUpdating(_:) which appears to solve the problem.

It might be needed in replace(sectionProvider:) (because reloadData is called) and/or mappingDidInvalidate(_:) (for the same reason) but I’m still investigating.

I have validated this fix against https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/issues/8 and it fixes the crash.

https://github.com/composed-swift/ComposedUI/issues/13 still needs to be investigated and may require layoutIfNeeded to be called in mappingDidInvalidate. Marking as a draft until this is checked.

Supporting Multiple Swift Package Versions Without Breaking Compatibility


The Xcode 12 beta includes Swift 5.3 but drops support for iOS 8.x. This means that Swift packages that support iOS 8 will cause a warning:

The iOS deployment target 'IPHONEOS_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET' is set to 8.0, but the range of supported deployment target versions is 9.0 to 14.0.99.

It's not possible to remove this warning within a project that depends on a Swift package with a deployment target of iOS 8, but it is possible to fix this in the dependency without removing support for iOS 8 for older versions of Swift. There are multiple way this can be accomplished.

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Pull request Rewrite delegates to take perform update closures on composed-swift/Composed


This is a major API change so is in a v2 branch. If we agree on a direction we could start adding PRs in to this branch.

This change would enable multiple changes to be applied at once, e.g. by requiring balanced calls to mappingWillBeginUpdating and mappingDidEndUpdating and only performing the updates when an equal number of mappingDidEndUpdating calls have been made. This could be a small performance improvement but would also improve animations.

By adding the performUpdate closure the changes to the model layer can be applied only when the consumer is expecting them, e.g. for UICollectionView this would be inside performBatchUpdates and would fix the existing crashes that occur when performing a change when there are pending layout changes.

Some tests and types have been commented out since this is more of a starting point for a discussion around the API than it is a solid implementation.

This is the closest I can see the API being (although it's still a breaking change) but maybe a bigger change would be better.

The biggest PITA is that the sections need to keep track of "current" data (e.g. what's being displayed by a collection view) and the "pending" data (e.g. what's about to be applied). I don't think this adds any memory overhead but it does add much more to the knowledge required when implementing a section.

Pull request Sort symlinks in order required for unzip on weichsel/ZIPFoundation


Changes proposed in this PR

  • Fix extraction order of symlinks

Tests performed

  • Existing tests
  • Extracting the AltServer download from https://altstore.io/

Further info for the reviewer

This needs more tests to ensure full coverage, but also to prove that this was previously broken and is now fixed.

The added function is public because I'm using it to extract a subset of the entries in the archive that contains symlinks.

Open Issues

#185, possibly #62.

Pull request ComposedSectionProvider fixes on composed-swift/Composed


These were quite hard to track down since the errors that would occur would often be visual and not a crash, although in some scenarios it did seem to trigger a crash.

I think this highlights the need for a much larger test suite.

Sidebar

It also made me question the insert(_:at:) functions because it's not really clear what the index is. Should it insert it at the index in the context of the sections and providers (as it does now), or just sections?

For example, with:

  • Section A
  • Section Provider
    • Section B
    • Section C
  • Section D
  • Section E

If I insert a section at index 3 should it look like:

  • Section A
  • Section Provider
    • Section B
    • Section C
  • New Section
  • Section D
  • Section E

or

  • Section A
  • Section Provider
    • Section B
    • Section C
  • Section D
  • New Section
  • Section E

Pull request Fix crash when performing update while animating on composed-swift/ComposedUI


The completion block is called when the animation has completed, but at the end of the updates block the data has already been updated (from the perspective of the UICollectionView).

Not calling reset() and setting defersUpdate = false could cause crashes e.g. due to changes being applied multiple times.

The best way to recreate this is to have a series of updates occur very close to each other but with the "Slow Animation" setting enabled in the simulator.

This change might also apply to table views, I have not checked.

The crash would often be along the lines of "Tried to delete section at index 11 but there were only 11 sections" or would occur in elementsProvider(for:) with the error "No UI configuration available for section 11" when performing a non-data change e.g. a reload of a section

Pull request Allow multiple cell types per section on composed-swift/ComposedUI


Sometimes it's useful to have multiple different cell types within a single section, for example to use sticky headers or to reduce to need for many layers of composition (which can be tricky to get animation right for).

This isn't a breaking change for consumers.

I think some of the naming should be improved if this were to be merged.

Draft because I want feedback on the impact of the feature itself rather than specifically the code.

Pull request Add HashableByKeyPath and Persist on SwiftPackageIndex/PackageList


The package(s) being submitted are:

Checklist

I have either:

  • [x] Run swift ./validate.swift.

Or, checked that:

  • [ ] The package repositories are publicly accessible.
  • [ ] The packages all contain a Package.swift file in the root folder.
  • [ ] The packages are written in Swift 4.0 or later.
  • [ ] The packages all contain at least one product (either library or executable).
  • [ ] The packages all have at least one release tagged as a semantic version.
  • [ ] The packages all output valid JSON from swift package dump-package with the latest Swift toolchain.
  • [ ] The package URLs are all fully specified including https and the .git extension.
  • [ ] The packages all compile without errors.

Pull request Use SAMPLE_CODE_DISAMBIGUATOR for easier running on composed-swift/Composed-Demo


Config from https://developer.apple.com/documentation/avfoundation/cameras_and_media_capture/avcam_building_a_camera_app was used to make it easier to people checking out the repo to run the sample code. Only the team needs to be changed with this config.

My Swift Package Manager Release Workflow


I am currently maintaining numerous Swift Packages that don't receive a constant flow of updates, but do receive updates when new Swift updates come out, or as I think of useful additions.

To ensure that I can make some of these less frequent updates without too much friction and with confidence in their correctness I rely heavily on GitHub Actions, which I'll go over in this blog post.

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Capturing More Than `self`


A common pattern when using closures in Swift is to add [weak self] in the captures list to hold a weak reference to self and avoid a retain cycle. This is then often followed by the following:

guard let self = self else { return }

But I often forget that capture lists can capture other variables in the current scope, so I thought I'd highlight some other use cases.

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HashableByKeyPath framework release 1.0.0


Today I have released the 1.0.0 version of a Swift package that aids with adding Equatable and Hashable conformance by using KeyPaths.

The package is available on GitHub.

I created the Swift Playground that sparked this concept in December 2018, so this concept has been rattling around in my brain for a couple of years. The API has changed a lot since the original concept, but the core has stayed the same: a protocol that requires a single function to be implemented that uses KeyPaths to synthesise Equatable and/or Hashable conformance.

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Partial framework release 1.0.0


Today marks 1 year since I released a blog post demonstrating an implementation of Partial in Swift, and it also marks the release of the 1.0.0 version of a Swift package for Partial.

The package is available on GitHub and supports SwiftPM, Carthage, and CocoaPods.

This blog post will go over some of the changes that have been made since the original blog post, my rationale when making certain decisions, and how I have thought about maintenance. If you want to try out Partial and see how it can be used head over to the GitHub page.

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Partial in Swift


Structs are incredibly useful in Swift, especially when representing static read-only data. However, the values of a struct often come from multiple sources, such as view controllers, network requests, and files on disk, which can make the creation of these structs cumbersome.

There are numerous methods to work around this, but each have their downsides. One of these methods is to change the struct to a class and update the properties to vars, but this removes the advantages of read-only structs. Another is to make a "builder" object, but the API of this object must be kept in-sync with the object is wraps.

Partial eliminates these problems by providing a type-safe API for building structs by utilising generics and KeyPaths. Although I learned of the concept of Partial through TypeScript – which [provides Partial as a built-in type][1] – the Swift implementation supports many more use cases.

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